2008.11.18 11:11

'Free Food for Millionaires' and more...

Blogging has been slow, while mom was visiting and I was getting out of city on weekends to enjoy the New England fall. Walden pond, Mt. Monadnock, and World's End were all nice. And I registered for next semester.

http://www.minjinlee.com

I just finished reading "Free Food for Millionaires" by Min Jin Lee. I read all three of Chang-rae Lee's novels earlier this year and came across with another Korean-American Yale graduate writer. MJ's style is not as manicured as CR and I couldn't relate too much to the ungrateful shopaholic heroine "Casey Han" but I was still absorbed in the book. I rushed through the second half last night, just to know what happens and be able to put it away till next weekend, telling myself that scanning 200 pages of a novel somehow may have helped my English reading skills.

What's up with these KA Yalies with unlikable characters?
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2008.08.29 09:11

Democratic National Convention

I am studying English with this. Transcript and video sync.

민주당 전당 대회 오바마 후보 수락 연설 전문. 동영상이랑 스크립트가 같이 떠서 영어공부하기 좋네요.

http://elections.nytimes.com/2008/president/conventions/videos/20080828_OBAMA_SPEECH.html

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2008.08.15 00:06

Heritage, Tradition and Convention

I was chatting with a friend about cultural "heritage" from a FOB point of view and wanted to talk more about it.

I said I think cultural "heritage" is over emphasized in the US. Or misunderstood. As a person raised in urbanized Korea in the 80-90s, it seems like what people think as "Korean" is not quite what I experienced anymore. I don't eat Korean food for breakfast, and I am not the only one in my age who prefers western food in early morning. There are countless more examples, things "we don't do anymore".

It seems like generation gap issue like this is pretty common, even when you're raised in the home country, yet it is considered assimilation or lost of heritage for immigrants. And is it necessarily a bad thing?

This actually reminds me of my experience as a college freshman in Seoul. My hometown Daegu used to be famous for apples. Everyone, seriosly everyone I met in Seoul who was not from the area had to mention Dague apple. No, no one in my family owns an apple orchard. In fact, apples aren't produced in the city of Dague that much anymore. Are we losing our color? Maybe.

I often hear phrases like "the way people lived for thousands of years before ...". Is there really such a thing? After all, spicy red Kimchi is a south American fusion food, only appeared after red chili pepper was introduced to East Asia by the Portuguese. There were influences like this throughout the human history.

It is probably easy for a person like me to say I reject this and that of my culture for a certain reason, than someone who may feel guilty about self-denying. But is it really self-denying?

Personally, I can read for pleasure in two languages. It wasn't easy to get here, even after being exposed to two languages as a child. I am not saying this to brag off but want to testify that, although there is a joy in being (nearly) bilingual, I am not sure it is worth the effort to everyone and I don't think anyone should be forced to it. I think people make comments about being or not being able to "speak the language" too easy. I can tell you that it is very hard to "speak a language" other than the one you received your official education in.

And the Korean language I speak and write is quite different from what I grandparents spoke. We were taught to "protect" our language in school in Korea, but is it even possible?

One uncomfortable thing for me is the often romantisized way in which heritage is talked about. Some people say they are jealous of more recent immigrants who have a certain heritage. I guess what they are referring to is food or traditional clothing, or something soft, fluffy, "world show case" kind of stuff. Not something putting (often unfair) restrictions on their lives.
사용자 삽입 이미지
Picture is Pye-baek, part of Korean wedding, still practiced these days. Technically, it is not a part of the wedding, which used to be at the bride's place, but when the bride is officially introduced to the groom's family when she moves some time after the wedding.

This is when the bride becomes part the groom's family. She offers dates and chestnuts to the parents-in-law and they throw them back to the bride, which she has to catch with the cloth as in the picture. Meaning of it is to bear a son (or sons) and serve the ancestors (we don't have to clarify whose ancestors we're talking about here). She also has to bow to groom's entire family.

These days, it happens right after the "western" part of the wedding and bride's parents get to receive the bow. But only parents. Not everyone like for the man's family. It is still an important part of the wedding, privately held only for the family (and a few close friends of the bride) in a separate room, and still an intimidating part for the bride (as I hear from a very recent wedding I attended).

I know a Korean-American woman who did this at her wedding at the reception. I wonder if she knew that she was basically being told to bear a son and serve the ancestors for her husband's family. In one hand, I am almost jealous, that it is an "option" for her, that she doesn't have to worry too much about what it means (well, maybe that's not what her Korean parents-in-law were thinking). One the other hand, I want to say something, that it's not just "dressing up in a pretty costume", it has a meaning, that some people don't necessarily accept, or moreover, some people fought hard to overcome.

Interesting follow-up story on the Daegu apple is that Daegu apple is actually Missouri apple. Daegu only became famous for apples when an American missionary decided to plant some apples from his hometown in late 1800s.

Culture is fluid. What seems pretty old can be a fairly recent thing in reality. But it can also have more meaning than it looks from outside.
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2008.06.23 22:49

Interesting articles

Some interesting stats about Asian-American stereotype.
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/06/10/education/10asians.html

"Korea Legal Aid Center for Family Relations" was mentioned in this article. My mom works there.
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/05/19/world/asia/19adultery.html

Gay marriage in korean american community.
http://www.koreamjournal.com/Magazine/index.php/kj/2008/may/feature_story/the_right_to_say_i_do/(page)/1

Eat smart!
http://sciencenow.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/2008/620/3?etoc
http://www.nature.com/nrn/journal/v9/n7/abs/nrn2421.html;jsessionid=F5E7B633AE3D3F8CA6FFB9DFECB5B8D4
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2008.05.27 22:33

Korean National Pension Service and American Social Security

만 27세가 되고 나서부터 국민 연금 관리 공단에서 고지서가 날아오는 모양이라 작년에 납부 유예 신청을 했는데, 유예 신청도 일년에 한번씩 계속해야 한다고 해서 오늘 다시 유예 신청을 했습니다. 인터넷으로 하려고 했는데 기껏 은행에 가서 재발급해 온 공인인증서 비번을 또 까먹어서 연금공단에 국제 전화를 해야 했습니다.

Since I turned 27, Korean National Pension Service has been sending me bills. I waived it last year, but apparently I have to tell them that I do not have income in S. Korea every year. Unlike the US system, I can opt to pay it, too.

That was tonight's project, to waive NPS payment for another year. Again, I struggled with internet for half an hour, gave up and called NPS on the phone. Just saying I am studying aboard was enough.

납부 유예 신청하는 김에 궁금한 사항 몇가지를 정리해 봤습니다.

While I was on nps.or.kr, I looked up a few more questions.

반환 일시금
Lump-sum refund

반환일시금은 다음과 같은 경우에 지급됩니다.
① 가입기간 10년 미만인 자가 60세가 된 경우(단, 특례노령연금수급권자는 해당되지 않음)
② 가입자 또는 가입자이었던 자가 사망하였으나 유족연금에 해당되지 않는 경우
    (가입자 또는 가입기간이 10년 이상인 가입자이었던 자가 사망한 때는 사망 당시 보험료를 2/3이상 납부하지
    않거나 1년 미만 가입자의 경우 가입중에 발생한 질병 또는 부상이 아니어서 유족연금이 지급되지 않는 경우에 한함)
③ 국적을 상실하거나 국외로 이주한 경우


This is an interesting thing. You can get a lump sum refund when you phase out from the system for immigration, loss of nationality, or do not qualify to receive monthly payments.

Foreign workers
외국인가입자의 반환일시금 지급은 다음과 같은 경우에만 가능합니다.
① 그 외국인의 본국법에서 대한민국 국민에게 대한민국 반환일시금제도에 상응하는 급여를 지급하는 경우
② 대한민국과 외국인의 본국간에 반환일시금 지급에 관한 사회보장협정이 체결된 경우
③ 최소가입기간 충족여부와 상관없이 E-8(연수취업), E-9(비전문취업), H-2(방문취업)에 해당하는 체류자격으로 국민연금에 가입한 외국인이 본국에 귀환하는 경우(이미 본국으로 귀환한 외국인도 포함) 

< 반환일시금 지급대상국 > (2007.6.1 기준)
국적에
상관없이
지급되는
외국인의
체류자격
사회
보장협정에
의한 대상국
(5개국)
상응성 인정에 의한 대상국 (29개국)
최소 가입기간
6개월 이상
(1개국)
최소 가입기간
1년이상
(9개국)
최소 가입기간
2년이상
(1개국)
최소가입기간
관계없이 인정
(18개국)
E-8(연수취업),
E-9(비전문취업),

H-2(방문취업)
독일,
미국,
캐나다,
헝가리,
프랑스
벨리즈 그레나다,
나이지리아,
바베이도스,
세인트빈센트그라나딘,
짐바브웨,
카메룬,
콩고,
태국,
토고
베네수엘라 가나, 말레이시아,
버뮤다, 스리랑카,
스위스, 엘살바도르,
인도네시아,
카자흐스탄, 케냐,
트리니다드토바고,
홍콩, 터키, 요르단,
수단, 인도, 콜롬비아,
바누아투, 필리핀

대체로 1-2년 정도 가입하면 귀국할때 반환 일시금을 받을 수 있는 것 같군요. 그렇다면 제가 미국에서 Social Security를 내다가 한국으로 귀국하게 되면 그동안 납부한 Social Security는 어떻게 되는 걸까요?

Foreign workers from above mentioned countries can receive lump sum refund when they move back if they were working in Korea for minimum of 1-2 years. Then what happens if I pay American Social Security and move back to S. Korea?

미국 사회보장제도에는 반환 일시금은 존재하지 않습니다. 하지만 놀랍게도 한국-미국 사회 보장 협정이라는 것이 존재하는군요. 양국에서 다 연금수령자격 미달일 경우 이 협정으로 구제받는 방법도 있는 모양입니다. 전문은 아래에 여기 있습니다. 이제까지 저는 미국에서 사회보장세를 내다가 10년 안에 귀국할 경우 사회보장세는 구경도 못 해보는 줄만 알았습니다.

http://www.socialsecurity.gov/international/Agreement_Pamphlets/korea.html (in English)
http://www.ssa.gov/international/Agreement_Texts/hangul.html (in Korean)
http://www.dynamic-korea.com/photo/OASDI_1.pdf  (in Korean)

US Social Security doesn't give back lump-sum refund. However, surprisingly, there are treaties for reciprocal social security arrangement between some countries and the US, and S. Korea is one of it. I assumed I won't see my Social Security payment if I have a job in the US for less than 10 years and move back. This is pretty complicated, but it says

"Normally, people who are not U.S. citizens may receive U.S. Social Security benefits while outside the U.S. only if they meet certain requirements. Under the agreement, however, you may receive benefits as long as you reside in Korea regardless of your nationality."

좋은 일이네요. 졸업 후 미국서 몇년 더 있다 귀국하게 되더라도 사회보장세를 홀라당 까먹지는 않겠어요. 반대로 한국서 국민연금 납부 몇년 하시다 온 분들한테도 좋은 일이겠구요.

Good. So I may not lose Social Security payments even though I work in the US for a few years and move back to Korea. Or it's a good thing for people who have worked in Korea and moved the the US.
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